更年期診斷及治療 Menapause Diagnosis/Treatment
什麼是更年期？ 婦女大約在45到52歲這段期間，卵巢逐漸 停止製造女性荷爾蒙，造成月經經期從開始不規 則、月經量一下多、一下少，最後一年內不再有 月經的停經現象，這段生殖機能逐漸降低到完全 喪失的停經前後過渡期，就是所謂的更年期。 更年期是一個自然過程，它不是疾病，多數 人都會順利渡過，但因為女性荷爾蒙分泌不足， 約有三成左右婦女會產生一些更年期不適的身心 症狀： 在生理方面 發熱、潮紅、盜汗、虛弱、暈眩、胸悶、心 悸、陰道乾澀、性交疼痛、頻尿、尿失禁及 骨質流失等症狀。 在心理方面 焦慮、煩躁、失眠、恐慌、心情低落及記憶力衰退等現象。
After menopause, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is often prescribed to resupply the body with the hormones it no longer produces.
There are a number of different treatment options to consider if you're suffering from symptoms of menopause.
HRT (also known as hormone therapy, menopausal hormone therapy, and estrogen replacement therapy) uses female hormones -- estrogen and progesterone -- to treat common symptoms of menopause and aging. Doctors can prescribe it during or after menopause.
Ask your doctor about hormone therapy during menopause to find out if it's right for you.
While postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is an effective way to treat menopausal hot flashes, it is not recommended for everyone.
Here are the pros and cons of using hormone replacement therapy, as well as some alternatives.
There are many types of estrogen therapy in many different forms -- pills, patches, suppositories, and more. The best type of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) depends on your health, your symptoms, personal preference, and what you need to get out of treatment.
Alternative and Natural Treatments
See 11 supplements used to help relieve symptoms of menopause.
Supplements, herbs and botanicals like black cohosh, evening primrose oil, and flaxseed are thought to relieve menopausal symptoms. Are they safe? What are the warning signs a product may not be legitimate? Find out.
Learn about herbs, supplements, and other natural remedies that some believe help with menopause symptoms.
Black cohosh, also known as black snakeroot or bugbane, is a medicinal root. It is used to treat women's hormone-related symptoms, including premenstrual syndrome (PMS), menstrual cramps, and menopausal symptoms.
Soy is high in isoflavones. Isoflavones are a type of phytoestrogen. Phytoestrogens are chemicals found in plants that work like estrogens.
Wild yam and progesterone creams are available without a prescription and are marketed for relieving perimenopausal symptoms caused by "estrogen dominance."